Blood pressure (or blood) is the force with which blood flows into the bloodstream. Is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) in two numbers, which correspond to the systolic pressure (which occurs during contraction of the heart) and diastolic pressure (the residual force remaining in the relaxation of the heart). The largest number is expressed first and is the corresponding to systolic pressure.
Blood pressure allows the blood to all cells, deliver their cargo of oxygen and nutrients, and receive in exchange carbon dioxide and waste them. When the pressure is low, the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the cells cannot be performed effectively and when there is high possibility of damaging any organs (mainly the heart, brain and kidneys).
Hypertension silent disease
First of all you need to know that hypertension is not curable, but can and should be monitored effectively.
Generally, and as a basis for future success, there are several factors you can control to prevent the occurrence and progression of the disease, for example: take a well balanced diet, lose weight, reduce alcohol consumption , physical exercise, stopping smoking, if possible avoid a hectic pace and tension, reduce stress, etc.
Currently there are medical treatments that can control hypertension effectively. These treatments are based on the use of a variety of medications that the doctor selected depending on the specific case of each patient and whether there are aggravating symptoms or life-threatening.
How I can know if I have high blood pressure?
It is said that a person has high blood pressure when diastolic pressure is greater than 90 mm Hg (at rest) in divided doses. This condition occurs most often in obese individuals with diabetes, kidney problems, smoking, etc.
If an individual was diagnosed high blood pressure (hypertension) once, you cannot diagnose hypertension. To do this review should be done daily for several weeks to determine if this is an isolated case or if it is a disease.
Sometimes hypertension usually has the following symptoms:
- Headache with palpitations to the sides (temporal area) or in the back (occipital area), it appears from the morning and does not yield to common analgesics.
- Weakness and blurred vision.
- Dizziness, nausea and possibly vomiting.
- In some cases, nasal bleeding, and the pressure is high enough to break the small blood vessels found in the nose.
- It is common that the patient relates a history of hypertension.
If any of these illnesses, first aid treatment includes:
- Make the patient stand, since by reducing cardiac work, also decreases pressure.
- Place in a well ventilated.
- Putting the patient sitting and loosen your clothing.
Once the patient with hypertension is controlled with medical treatment and has responded well to it, your pressure is normal, but because the medicine has helped, however does not mean it is no longer hypertensive, and less to stop the medicine. At that time the patient is hypertensive "controlled" and must continue with the prescribed medication.
It is very common for a hypertensive patient stop the medication on your own because "and" feels good and his last visit pressure was normal.